WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 2019
Pain, especially chronic pain, should not be ignored as simply a part of getting older. Whether minor or intense, pain is the physical sign that something is not right in the body. Untreated persistent pain can only worsen over time and possibly lead to more serious conditions. Cognitive or communication issues among older people can also contribute to the presence of pain not being reported. To help older residents maintain their quality of life, care providers in the long-term health care environment should be vigilant about recognizing the signs of pain in the elderly.
- Decreased activity levels
- Poor eating habits
- Change in gait
- Heavy breathing
- Resistance to certain movements during care
- Holding or rubbing one area of the body
- Sensitivity to light touch
- Grimacing or frowning
- Writhing or constant shifting in bed
- Moaning, groaning, whimpering or crying
- Restlessness and agitation
- Guarding the area of pain or withdrawing from touch to that area
Types of pain treatments
- Acetaminophen may help all types of pain, especially mild to moderate pain. Acetaminophen is found in over-the-counter and prescription medicines. People who have liver disease should not take acetaminophen.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) include aspirin, naproxen, and ibuprofen. Long-term use of some NSAIDs can cause side effects, like internal bleeding or kidney problems, which make them unsafe for many older adults.
- Narcotics (also called opioids) are used for moderate to severe pain and require a doctor’s prescription. They may be habit-forming. They can also be dangerous when taken with alcohol or certain other drugs. Examples of narcotics are codeine, morphine, and oxycodone.
- Other medications are sometimes used to treat pain. These include antidepressants, anticonvulsive medicines, local painkillers, like nerve blocks or patches and ointments, and creams.